Barrels of alcoholic beverages

What is a dangerous good ?

"Dangerous goods" are defined as all materials, substances, objects, wastes or all objects and mixtures which by their nature or characteristics may represent a danger during their transportation.

They can be a hazard and represent a risk to human health, the safety of public property and society or to the preservation of the environment. In accordance with various legal agreements, their transport is therefore subject to strict regulations specific to each mode of transport (road, air, rail or sea). From packaging to unloading and storage of these goods, numerous standards apply. The main agreements are the following: IATA (Air transport); ADR (Road transport); IMDG (Sea transport); RID (Rail transport).

They can be flammable, toxic, explosive, volatile or corrosive and 

Did you know ?

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All persons involved in the transport chain of dangerous goods (handling, packaging, storage, unloading and transport) must be specifically trained.

Dangerous materials on

a daily basis

The competent authorities list 9 different classes of dangerous goods (explosive materials and objects, gases, flammable liquids, infectious materials, radioactive materials...). Although the term may seem far away, we come across hazardous materials in our daily lives through certain tools that we use frequently. We think of bicycles or electric scooters (which may contain lithium batteries), cosmetic products, such as perfumes or hairsprays (which often contain liquid or solid gases) or even paint and solvents (for their content of toxic, corrosive or oxidizing materials).




Chapter 4.2 - Part 4

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Vol 1 - Chapter 3.2 - Tab A


Volume 2 - Chapter 3

What are the risks related to 

Dangerous Goods Transportation ? 

Heavy truck fire
Heavy truck fire

The risk linked to the transport of dangerous goods by road, rail, sea and river, or TDG risk, is the result of an accident that occurs during transport.

The TDG accident combines two effects:


1 - An immediate primary effet


  • Explosion: caused by a simple shock or with the production of sparks, by the heating of a tank of volatile or compressed product, by the mixture of several products or by exposure to fire. The explosion can have both thermal and mechanical effects due to the shock wave. These effects are felt in the vicinity of the disaster and within a radius of several hundred meters.
  • Fire: caused by accidental heating or ignition, a shock with sparks, the ignition of a leak on a tank or a package containing dangerous goods, etc... A fire involving solid, liquid or gaseous flammable products generates thermal effects creating direct damage that can be aggravated by problems of asphyxiation and intoxication, linked to the emission of toxic fumes.

2 -  Secondary effect



  • Of the air by propagation of toxic fumes
  • Water or soil from a toxic product leak or resulting from combustion (even of a non-toxic product)
    By spreading in the air, in the water or in the ground, the dangerous materials can be toxic by inhalation, by direct or indirect ingestion, by the consumption of contaminated products, by contact. Depending on the concentration of the products and the duration of exposure, the symptoms vary from a simple skin irritation or a tingling sensation in the throat, to serious damage (asphyxiation, pulmonary oedema). These effects can be felt up to a few kilometers from the site of the disaster.

The professions of 


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BVT, a trusted partner for training your staff, relies on a pedagogical approach based on real work situations. Our objective is to quickly develop the autonomy of your employees.
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We test all types of packaging in order to certify them for the Transport of Dangerous Goods. Our expertise in testing allows us to maximize safety and limit any risk.

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To make an inventory of the application of the Transport of Dangerous Goods regulations in your company, and to obtain an exhaustive report on the deviations noted.

Our Trainings

To make the participants quickly autonomous and operational after the training

Our Laboratory

Transport your dangerous goods all over the world in safety